(c) Royal College of Physicians, London; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

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Francis Glisson was an English physician who published in 1650 the first detailed and authoritative description of rickets.  De Rachitide, written in Latin and translated into English the next year as A treatise of the rickets, being a disease common to children, described the signs, symptoms, and anatomical pathology of this disease which we now know is caused by a vitamin D deficiency. Glisson helped form a weekly discussion of science in London that eventually became the Royal Society.