Charles Glen King and his colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh were the first to isolate vitamin C in 1932, but the credit and Nobel Prize went to Hungary’s Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, a source of lifelong disappointment for King.
In 1942, King changed direction and moved to New York City to head the new industry-funded Nutrition Foundation. Under his leadership, the Foundation became the leading private supporter of nutrition research for the next two decades and King became one of the most influential nutritionists of the mid-20th century.
He helped strengthen nutrition departments at universities and persuaded MIT to establish a department of food science and technology headed by Nevin Scrimshaw. After serving on virtually every significant board and committee in national and international nutrition, King retired in 1974 at age 78.